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Curing Hepatitis C Could Yield Huge Economic Benefit, Study Predicts
While new medications to treat patients infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) cost tens of thousands of dollars for a 12-week regimen, investing in those therapies could generate savings estimated at more than $3.2 billion annually in the U.S. and five European countries, according to a study released at Digestive Disease Week 2015 in Washington, DC.
The higher cure rate and lessened side effects of treating patients with an all-oral combination of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir (Harvoni, Gilead Sciences) result in greatly reduced absenteeism and improved workplace productivity that can translate into enormous benefit, according to the economic model used by researchers at Inova Fairfax Medical Campus in Virginia. The study was funded through a grant provided by Gilead.
“From a clinical standpoint, we’ve long known about the devastating health impacts that chronic hepatitis C has on a patient,” said Zobair Younossi, MD, Chairman of the Department of Medicine at Inova and lead researcher on the study. “But given the significant side effects previously associated with treating the disease, notably fatigue and neuropsychiatric side effects, we were interested in looking at the impact of new treatments on patients’ ability to work, and in a broader sense, how this affects employers and overall economies.”
Researchers used data collected from more than 1,900 chronic HCV patients treated with ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF), which has a cure rate of between 94% and 99% with minimal side effects. Older traditional treatments that included interferon and ribavirin were less effective and caused a variety of side effects, including fatigue, as well as flu-like symptoms, depression, and lowered blood cell counts.
Patients from the U.S. and Europe filled out questionnaires called the “Work Productivity and Activity Index — Specific Health Problems During Clinical Trials of LDV/SOF.” The retrospective study tabulated reported absenteeism, as well as what researchers called “presenteeism,” a measure of how productive an individual actually is while at work.
The researchers then built an economic model to estimate work productivity gains associated with curing genotype 1 chronic HCV patients using LDV/SOF. The models were created for the U.S. and five European countries — France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom (EU-5). The results indicated that reduced absenteeism and increased productivity would total approximately $2.67 billion for the U.S. and $556 million for the EU-5.
Dr. Younossi plans to conduct further research to examine data outside of the clinical trial setting to evaluate the real-world consequences of a hepatitis C cure on work productivity and associated economic gains. He believes that researchers are beginning to see the bigger picture when it comes to the impact of hepatitis C, which can cause severe liver damage and other long-term health effects called the “extrahepatic manifestations of the hepatitis C virus.”
“Chronic hepatitis C is more than just a problem for the patient — it has a ripple effect that impacts society at large. While previous reports have found the cost of these drugs is certainly significant, the long-term benefits of curing patients with hepatitis C makes this a worthwhile investment. We must begin to look at chronic diseases, such as hepatitis C, from every angle, which should inspire progress in developing more tolerable and effective cures,” added Dr. Younossi.
Source: Digestive Disease Week; May 17, 2015