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Priority Review Granted for Eltrombopag for Short-Term Treatment of Chronic Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
If approved, PROMACTA would be the first oral thrombopoeitin (TPO) receptor agonist for the short-term treatment of previously treated patients with chronic ITP to increase platelet counts and reduce bleeding.
"Our goal for PROMACTA is to make available a targeted therapy in oral form for patients to help raise their platelet counts without having to suppress the immune system," said Paolo Paoletti, M.D., Senior Vice President of the Oncology Medicine Development Center at GSK. "The FDA designation of our submission for priority review is very encouraging and brings us closer to offering physicians and their patients PROMACTA."
The priority review designation means FDA is expected to make a decision on the NDA for the investigational compound within six months of the submission.
In pivotal studies, the most common adverse events observed in patients taking PROMACTA were headache, nausea, nasopharyngitis, diarrhea and vomiting.
GSK also plans to submit a Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) for eltrombopag in the treatment of chronic ITP in Europe in 2008 where it will be marketed as REVOLADE(R). The compound is also being studied for long-term treatment of chronic ITP, as well as thrombocytopenia associated with Hepatitis C Virus cirrhosis and chemotherapy induced thrombocytopenia.
Chronic ITP is a disorder marked by increased platelet destruction and/or inadequate platelet production in the blood, which causes an increased risk of bruising and bleeding. There are estimated to be approximately 60,000 individuals diagnosed with chronic ITP in the U.S. People with chronic ITP often bleed from small blood vessels causing bruises, nosebleeds or even fatal gastrointestinal or intra cerebral bleeds, although these are rare.
About PROMACTA (eltrombopag)
Eltrombopag is an oral, non-peptide thrombopoietin receptor agonist that has been shown in pre-clinical research and clinical trials to stimulate the proliferation and differentiation of megakaryocytes, the bone marrow cells that give rise to blood platelets. Eltrombopag was discovered as a result of research collaboration between GlaxoSmithKline and Ligand Pharmaceuticals (NASDAQ:LGND) . It is being developed by GlaxoSmithKline. Eltrombopag is an investigational compound that has not received regulatory approval in any market for any indication at this time.