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Natalizumab Gains Priority Review, Accelerated Approval by FDA
The FDA grants Priority Review status to products that are considered to be potentially significant therapeutic advancements over existing therapies that address an unmet medical need. Based on the FDA's designation of Priority Review for natalizumab in MS, the companies anticipate action by the Agency approximately six months from the submission date, rather than 10 months for a standard review. On May 25, 2004, the companies announced they had previously submitted the BLA for the approval of natalizumab for MS.
"We are pleased that the FDA has designated natalizumab for Priority Review," said Burt Adelman, MD, executive vice president, Development, Biogen Idec. "We look forward to continuing to work with the FDA throughout the review process to provide this potential new therapeutic to patients with MS."
"The Priority Review designation underscores the significant unmet medical need in the area of MS," said Lars Ekman, MD, executive vice president and president, Research & Development, Elan. "We believe natalizumab will offer a new approach to treating MS and will bring hope to patients living with this disease."
The BLA for natalizumab is being evaluated by the FDA under Accelerated Approval guidelines. This review will be based on one-year data from two ongoing Phase III trials. The companies are committed to completing these two-year trials. In order to protect the integrity of the trials, the companies are not disclosing the one-year data at this time.
MS is a chronic disease of the central nervous system that affects approximately 400,000 people in North America and approximately one million people worldwide. It is a disease that affects more women than men, with onset typically between 20 and 40 years of age. Symptoms of MS may include vision problems, loss of balance, numbness, difficulty walking and paralysis.
About the MS Clinical Trials for ANTEGREN
The AFFIRM (natalizumab safety and efficacy in relapsing-remitting MS) trial is a two-year, randomized, multi-center, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of approximately 900 patients, evaluating the ability of natalizumab to slow the progression of disability in MS and reduce the rate of clinical relapses. The SENTINEL (safety and efficacy of natalizumab in combination with AVONEX(R) (Interferon beta-1a)) trial is a two-year, randomized, multi-center, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of approximately 1,200 patients with relapsing-remitting MS, evaluating the effect of the combination of natalizumab and AVONEX compared to treatment with AVONEX alone in slowing the progression of disability and reducing the rate of clinical relapses. Both study protocols provided for a one-year analysis of the data. The primary endpoints for both Phase III two-year trials in MS are based on the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and relapse rate. The pre-specified primary endpoint of the one-year analysis was relapse rate.
About ANTEGREN (natalizumab)
Natalizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody, is the first alpha-4 antagonist in the new selective adhesion molecule (SAM) inhibitor class. The drug is designed to inhibit the migration of immune cells into tissues where they may cause or maintain inflammation. To date, approximately 2,800 patients have received natalizumab in clinical trials, and the safety profile continues to support further development. In placebo-controlled trials to date, in both Crohn's disease (CD) and MS, the most commonly reported adverse events in either group were headache, fatigue and nasopharyngitis.
Biogen Idec and Elan are collaborating equally on the development of natalizumab in MS, CD, and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Source: Biogen Idec and Elan