A study that was conducted to determine the incidence of postoperative ileus found that this complication was the major cause of delay in the discharge of patients from the hospital, with annual costs totaling $1.46 billion.
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P&T® Journal contents for February 2007
Inpatient Economic Burden of Postoperative Ileus Associated with Abdominal Surgery in the United States
Although chronic constipation is a common digestive complaint in North America, physicians and patients have very different definitions of this disorder. The authors discuss the three pathophysiological subtypes; complications; pharmacological therapies and their limitations; as well as the potential impact on quality of life and the economy.
The benefits of telbivudine (Tyzeka) and lamivudine (Epivir-HBV) for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B are compared.
Advances in therapies for seizure disorders are presented, including levetiracetam for elderly patients, carbamazepine for partial-onset seizures in children, pregabalin for refractory epilepsy, vigabatrin for infantile spasms, oxcarbazepine for control of seizure frequency, lacosamide for partial seizures, valproate for status epilepticus and serial attacks, and lamotrigine for tonic–clonic seizures.