Report: African-American Women Have Higher Rates of Hypertension
African-Americans twice as likely as Caucasians to have unknown and untreated high blood pressure (December 23)
More African-American women have hypertension than African-American men and Caucasian men and women, according to new research published in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.
In a study of 70,000 people in the 12 southeastern states — referred to as “the stroke belt” because of its higher incidence of stroke — the hypertension rate among African-American women was 64% compared with 52% in Caucasian women and 51% in African-American and Caucasian men.
The researchers also found:
- Fifty-seven percent of the people studied were diagnosed with hypertension.
- Hypertension was more common in African-Americans (59%) than in Caucasians (52%).
- African-Americans were twice as likely as Caucasians to have uncontrolled hypertension.
- Men were more likely to have uncontrolled hypertension than women.
- Among those who had hypertension, 31% of African-American men, 28% of African-American women, 27% of Caucasian men, and 17% of Caucasian women didn’t know it.
- Among those who knew they had hypertension, 82% were being treated with medications.
- Among people who knew they had hypertension, 44% were taking at least two types of medications, and only 29% were taking a diuretic — a recommended first-line treatment to lower blood pressure.
Source: AHA; December 23, 2013.